Senin, 08 April 2013

Rangkuman Tenses Bahasa Inggris (Lengkap dan Sederhana)

Hi, how are you?
I always excited meeting anyone who interested in learning something new.
I never had any chance to learn English in a proper way =p i just learned English from school, i think 12 years of learning English at school is enough to make you "good" in speaking English. At least it supposed to be ~_~" But why do so many people still can't speak in English? Well, you can tell me the answer haha..

Here,

Maybe you're coming from Indonesia (like me) searching for English Tenses that simple and easy to understand. Or maybe you're an English teacher like me :)
I try to give my notes about tenses. I use these notes to teach my student about tenses.
I hope it'll be usefull for you. If you need some help to understand some of these tense, feel free to leave a comment. I love comments. Or you can contact me here adinda.sue@gmail.com

A. Present Tense
 
A.1 Simple Present Tense (saat ini/kebiasaan)
• Kata bantu untuk subject category “A” adalah “do” ( digunakan pada kalimat negative (-) dan interogative (?) )
• Kata bantu untuk subject category “B” adalah “does” ( digunakan pada kalimat negative (-) dan interogative (?) )
• Kalimat positive pada kategory “B”, selalu ditambah s/es setelah verb (kata kerja)
Example:
A : (+) I work fulltime during weekdays
(-) I do not work fulltime during weekdays
(?) Do you work fulltime during weekdays?
B : (+) He works fulltime during weekdays
(-) He does not work fulltime during weekdays
(?) Does he work fulltime during weekdays?

A.2 Simple Present Continuous Tense ( sedang terjadi)
• Verb pada Simple Present Continuous Tense selalu ditambah –ing
• To be digunakan setelah subject, to be bisa dilihat di table pada kolom “to be present”
Example:
A : (+) You are watching TV
(-) You are not watching TV
(?) Are you watching TV?
B : {+) She is watching TV
(-) She is not watching TV
(?) Is she watching TV?
C : {+) I am watching TV
(-) I am not watching TV
(?) Am I watching TV?

A.3 Present Perfect Tense (sudah selesai dilakukan)
• Kata bantu yang digunakan lihat di tabel kolom “perfect tense”
• Pada present tense jenis ini, gunakan verb-3
• Pola dasar kalimatnya sendiri “subject+kata bantu+verb3”
Example:
(+) She has gone to school
(-) She has not gone to school
(?) Has she gone to school?

A.4 Present Perfect Continuous Tense (sudah terjadi dan masih berlangsung)
• Kata bantu yang digunakan lehat di tabel kolom “perfect tense”
• Ditambah “been” setelah kata bantu have/has
• Tambahkan –ing setelah verb
Example:
(+) We have been waiting here for two hours
(-) We have not been waiting here for two hours
(?) Have we been waiting here for two hours?

B. Past Tense
 
B.1 Simple Past Tense (lampau)
• Kalimat posotive dalam simple past tense menggunakan verb-2
• Ada verb yang beraturan, ada yang tidak (verb yang tidak beraturan bisa dilihat di kamus kamus B. Inggris atau biasanya tersedia di toko buku, atau yang lebih mudah bisa browsing di internet.
• Verb yang beraturan hanya perlu ditambah”-ed” pada bentuk lampau (Verb-2 dan verb-3)
Example:
Verb beraturan: (+) I worked all days last week
(-) I did not work all days last week
(?) Did you work all days last week?
Verb tidak beraturan: (+) They saw me last night
(-) They did not see me last night
(?) Did they see me last night?

B.2 Past Continuous Tense ( lampau dan sedang berlangsung saat itu)
• Verb pada Past Continuous Tense selalu ditambah –ing
• To be digunakan setelah subject, to be bisa dilihat di table pada kolom “to be past”
Example:
{+) I was reading
(-) I was not reading
(?) Were you reading?

B.3 Past Perfect Tense (lampau dan sudah selesai dilakukan)
• Kata bantu yang digunakan adalah “had” pada semua subjects
• Pada present tense jenis ini, gunakan verb-3
• Pola dasar kalimatnya sendiri “subject+kata bantu+verb3”
Example:
(+) She had come when I was there
(-)She had not come when I was there
(?) Had she come when I was there?

B.4 Past Perfect Continuous Tense
• Kata bantu yang digunakan adalah “had” pada semua subjects
• Ditambah “been” setelah kata bantu have/has
• Tambahkan –ing setelah verb
Example:
(+) She had been waiting when you came
(-) She had not been waiting when you came
(?) Had she been waiting when you came?

C. Future Tense
 
C.1 Future Tense (akan terjadi)
• Tambahkan “will” setelah subject
Example:
(+) I will go
(-) I will not go
(?) will you go?
Untuk hal yang pasti akan dilakukan bisa gunakan to be going to atau disingkat to be gonna
(+) I am going to go
(-) I am not going to go
(?) Are you going to go?

C.2 Future Continuous Tense ( akan sedang berlangsung)
• Verb pada Future Continuous Tense selalu ditambah –ing
•  Tambahkan “will + be” setelah subject
Example:
{+) She will be missing you
(-) She will not be missing you
(?) Will she be missing you?

C.3 Future Perfect Tense 
• Tambahkan “will + have” setelah subject
• Pada present tense jenis ini, gunakan verb-3
• Pola dasar kalimatnya sendiri “subject+will+have+verb3”
Example:
(+) He will have finished it tomorrow
(-) He will not have finished it tomorrow
(?) Will he have finished it tomorrow?

C.4 Future Perfect Continuous Tense
• Kata bantu yang digunakan adalah “will+have” pada semua subjects
• Ditambah “been” setelah kata bantu have
• Tambahkan –ing setelah verb
Example:
(+) I will have been studying when you come
(-) I will not have been studying when you come
(?) Will you have been studying when I come?

I copied this notes from someone in alampur
Next, I will provide you with some exercise (contoh soal)..
Never stop learning :)

Hint: belajar bahasa inggris sendiri, tenses lengkap, bahasa inggris, tenses, tenses bahasa inggris lengkap

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